Automotive Excessive-precision Positioning Analysis Report, 2022

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Excessive-precision Positioning Analysis: from L2+ to L3, high-precision built-in navigation and positioning will develop into the usual. With the event and progress of the autonomous driving business, 5G communication and Beidou navigation purposes have gotten increasingly mature, and the high-precision positioning market has seen growth alternatives.

New York, March 04, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — Reportlinker.com publicizes the discharge of the report “Automotive Excessive-precision Positioning Analysis Report, 2022” – https://www.reportlinker.com/p05896953/?utm_source=GNW
From 2022 to 2025, autonomous driving will steadily evolve from L2/L2+ to L3/L3+. Excessive-level autonomous driving has increased necessities for positioning accuracy which ought to attain the centimeter degree. This promotes the additional growth of high-precision built-in positioning expertise.

L3 autonomous driving is heading for mass manufacturing, and built-in navigation positioning turns into the usual
In March 2021, Honda formally launched the L3 autonomous manufacturing automobile, Honda Legend EX (which obtained L3 autonomous driving certification from the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism of Japan) geared up with the Honda SENSING Elite clever driving system, high-precision positioning modules, sensors and a 3D HD map.

Honda has produced 100 models of L3 autonomous fashions, that are leased and bought to customers in Japan for 3 years, permitting customers to drive on designated roads in Tokyo.

In December 2021, the German Federal Motor Transport Authority (KBA) granted system approval for Mercedes-Benz’s L3 autonomous driving system on the premise of the technical approval regulation UN-R157 (UN Regulation No. 157 – Automated Lane Holding Techniques (ALKS)), permitting the sale and driving of L3 autonomous automobiles from a authorized degree. This can be a breakthrough in mass-produced autonomous driving expertise.

In keeping with Mercedes-Benz’s plan, its two flagship sedans, S-Class and EQS, will probably be geared up with the L3 autonomous driving system (together with a high-precision positioning module + HD map) at first. It’s anticipated that buyers will have the ability to buy L3 Mercedes-Benz automobiles within the first half of 2022. The contracting states of UN-R157 embrace EU nations, the UK, Japan, South Korea, Australia, and so forth., which signifies that Mercedes-Benz’s L3 autonomous automobiles might be bought in these nations.

China has not legally allowed L3 autonomous automobiles to be on the street, however L2+ (near L3) autonomous fashions have been launched intensively to date. In keeping with the statistics of ResearchInChina, the meeting fee of L2 autonomous passenger automobiles exceeded 20% in China in 2021. A number of the L2 fashions have achieved high-speed pilot autonomous driving by putting in high-precision positioning and HD maps. For instance, Xpeng P7, NIO EC6, ES6, ES8, GAC Aion V, Aion LX, Nice Wall WEY Mocha and different fashions might be geared up with non-compulsory high-precision positioning modules. FAW Hongqi E-HS9, HiPhi X, 2021 Li ONE and different fashions are geared up with high-precision positioning modules as customary.

Along with the present mass-produced fashions, OEMs have successively launched greater than 10 fashions geared up with high-precision positioning expertise since 2021, similar to Xpeng P5, NIO ET7, Neta U Professional, Aion V Plus, Aion LX Plus, Nice Wall Mecha Dragon, BAIC ARCFOX ?S Hello, and so forth.

At present, a single positioning expertise can’t meet the excessive precision required for autonomous automobiles. The options utilized by OEMs mainly use multi-sensor built-in positioning expertise. Along with built-in navigation modules and HD maps, applied sciences similar to visible SLAM and Lidar are additionally used.

Relative positioning can’t be used with customary HD maps, as a result of their coordinate programs, knowledge codecs, interfaces, and timelines are fully totally different. Normal HD maps have to be used with absolute positioning. Subsequently, the present mainstream positioning expertise is that GNSS, IMU, and HD maps cooperate and complement one another to kind a high-precision positioning system for autonomous driving.

Baidu: It has been laid out for a few years in built-in positioning expertise, and might present self-positioning system and centimeter-level built-in positioning options based mostly on GPS, IMU, HD maps and knowledge from a number of sensors.

Baidu Apollo’s analysis and check outcomes present that GNSS-RTK can cowl 65% of built-in eventualities with the error of lower than 20cm, the mix of GNSS+IMU can cowl about 85% of the eventualities, and the high-precision positioning system consisting of GNSS+IMU, sensors and maps can obtain 97.5% protection.

The combination pattern of high-precision positioning expertise is clear

(1) Impartial positioning field
By way of product kind, the present automotive built-in navigation system with high-precision positioning primarily exists within the type of a positioning terminal, that’s, a positioning field (P-Field).

As a small ECU accountable for high-precision positioning, P-Field can present positioning knowledge to the map module to understand the matching of positioning expertise and HD maps.

With the development of expertise, along with integrating GNSS and IMU, P-Field will additional combine HD maps. By HD maps and high-precision positioning, extra correct positioning knowledge might be obtained.

Asensing: In April 2021, an HD map field was launched, which integrates IMU, RTK, automobile velocity, ADAS cameras and HD map knowledge. Primarily based on the fusion of MEMS high-precision inertial navigation knowledge and high-precision satellite tv for pc positioning knowledge, the HD map field provides notion knowledge of ADAS cameras and HD maps to make the lateral error lower than 0.2 meters and the longitudinal error lower than 2 meters at 95% confidence interval.

(2) Integration with wi-fi communication modules
The combination of automotive wi-fi communication modules and GNSS high-precision positioning is changing into a pattern. For instance, the Hongqi E-HS9 launched on the finish of 2020 is provided with a C-V2X sensible antenna developed with Neusoft collectively and built-in with a GNSS receiver; Buick GL8 Avenir, launched on the finish of 2020, is provided with Quectel’s AG15 and AG35 modules and GNSS expertise.

Joynext: On the premise of the normal T-Field module, it integrates V2X, Bluetooth key, high-precision positioning and HD map output, offering sub-meter high-precision positioning. Joynext has signed a contract with NIO’s 5G-V2X platform mission to offer the latter with 5G-TBOX and 5G-VBOX, which will probably be utilized on ET7 at first.

Quectel: It has cooperated with Qualcomm and Qianxun SI to launch quite a lot of automotive communication modules that help high-precision positioning based mostly on Qualcomm’s 3D useless reckoning expertise and built-in Qianxun SI’s high-precision positioning service. For instance, AG55xQ collection, the 5G&C-V2X automotive module with built-in multi-constellation GNSS (GPS/GLONASS/BeiDou/Galileo/QZSS) receiver, can help dual-frequency GNSS, high-precision RTK/PPE and GNSS/QDR built-in navigation options in line with utility necessities.

(3) Integration with Autonomous Driving Area Controllers
Integrating the high-precision positioning module into the autonomous driving area controller can scale back knowledge transmission, successfully shorten info delay, and enhance positioning accuracy. At current, automakers have begun to disassemble built-in navigation containers and combine GNSS modules and IMU modules into their very own area controllers.

At current, passenger automobiles mainly use sub-meter-level built-in positioning modules, which have a low degree of useful security and are usually not essential to combine into area controllers. When autonomous driving evolves to L3+, L4/L5, high-precision built-in positioning modules should attain the centimeter degree, and meet increased useful security necessities, in order that they are often built-in into autonomous driving area controllers. By then, the worth of the built-in navigation and positioning module of every automobile will probably be increased, which may even be the precedence of main OEMs and suppliers within the subsequent stage.

With the maturity of area controller expertise and the evolution of digital and electrical structure, the combination of high-precision positioning models and high-level autonomous driving area controllers could develop into one of many mainstream options.

The prospect of high-precision positioning market is promising
In keeping with Clever Linked Automobile Expertise Roadmap 2.0 launched in November 2020, the penetration fee of L2-L3 ICVs will attain 50% by 2025, and L4 ICVs will start to enter the market and be obtainable in sure eventualities and restricted areas for industrial purposes; by 2030, the penetration fee of L2-L3 ICVs will attain 70%, and L4 ICVs will probably be extensively seen on expressways and a few city roads.

Supported by insurance policies, the meeting fee of L2 autonomous automobiles will proceed to develop, and the meeting fee of sub-meter-level built-in positioning modules will preserve rising; L3 and L4 autonomous automobiles will steadily unfold to the market, and the shipments of centimeter-level built-in positioning modules with increased worth will swell. Subsequently, it may be predicted that the market area for high-precision positioning within the subsequent few years may be very broad.

With the rise within the meeting fee of L2+ and L3 autonomous driving features, the high-precision positioning market has a promising prospect, and the business will probably be acknowledged by buyers.

In October 2021, Asensing raised a whole lot of tens of millions of RMB in Sequence C financing led by Sequoia China and joined by Matrix Companions, GL Ventures and different establishments. The funds will probably be spent on the analysis and growth of the next-generation useful security high-precision positioning expertise, product design enchancment and capability development.

In October 2021, DAISCH accomplished the Pre-A spherical of financing, which was concerned with Aosheng Capital. The raised funds will probably be invested in creating new merchandise and processes, and bettering supply capabilities.

Automotive Excessive-precision Positioning Analysis Report, 2022 by ResearchInChina highlights the next:
Classification, technical challenges, industrial insurance policies, market dimension, company construction, growth developments, and so forth. of high-precision positioning expertise;
Software eventualities and market forecasts for autonomous driving positioning, together with autonomous passenger automobile positioning options and market forecasts, low-speed autonomous driving high-precision positioning options and market forecasts, autonomous particular automobile positioning options and market forecasts, and so forth.;
Improvement of signal-based positioning expertise, signal-based positioning options of main suppliers;
Industrial sample of inertial navigation positioning, positioning merchandise and positioning options of main inertial positioning expertise suppliers;
Establishment of built-in navigation expertise, provider construction, positioning options of main built-in positioning expertise suppliers;
Important merchandise, predominant applied sciences, growth developments of fundamental positioning expertise suppliers.
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